Hair care routines differ according to an individual’s culture and the physical characteristics of one’s hair. Hair is a symbol of good looks and beauty in some areas of the human body. So much time, effort, and money are spent in hair care, especially in the case of scalp hair. Hair styling can serve as a form of expression. Here we will discuss the hair care and tips for keeping your hair healthy.
Hair is not vital to human existence. It is greatly important to one’s psychological equilibrium. Psychological problems of hair loss occur in both sexes. More among women because of the relevance of physical attractiveness. In general, baldness leads to an overestimation of the age of affected males.
In addition to the aesthetic function of hair, it has more natural functions. Scalp hair protects against certain environmental conditions like sun rays and cold. Body hair in man is very much reduced in comparison with other mammals. Many theories propose the temperature and thermal regulation of the human body. Nasal hair protects against dust and acts as an air filter. Axillary and perineal hair reduce the friction during body movement and also serve for the wider or prolonged dissemination of apocrine gland odor.
Hair fibers consist of a central cortex that comprises the major portion of the fiber. It is surrounded by 8 to 10 layers of overlapping cells termed the cuticle. The cortex is responsible for the tensile properties of the hair. The cuticle affects a variety of consumer perceivable properties including, e.g., hair feel, shine, and combability.
Hair shaft may have several abnormalities like sparse, brittle and often short hair. Flair loss may be either rapid or gradual. Sudden shedding of hair is often, though not invariably, transient. The gradual loss, observed only by its long-term effect, is usually hopelessly chronic. Loss of club hairs is known as telogen effluvium.
Causes of Hair Loss:
A number of disorders can cause the hair to fall out. People who have an autoimmune condition called alopecia areata lose hair on their scalp, as well as on other parts of their body. Other health conditions that can cause excess hair loss include:
- Medications such as antidepressants, retinoids, NSAIDs, blood thinners, birth control pills, and other hormonal treatments, high blood pressure medications, chemotherapy, and radiation
- Severe infections
- Major surgery
- Overactive or underactive thyroid
- Other hormonal problems
- Severe stress
- Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus
- Fungal infections of the scalp
- Pregnancy and childbirth
- Exposure to chemicals such as thallium, boron, and arsenic
- Iron-deficiency anemia
Dandruff is a condition of the scalp. It is characterized by the small flakes of stratum corneum. Many authors have attempted to correlate dandruff with body disorders or environmental factors. Some authors also have discussed the possible roles of hormones, metabolic faults, diet, and nervous tension, as well as inflammatory reactions to topical medicaments and cosmetics. The yeast-like organisms, Pityrosporum ovale and Pityrosporum orbiculare are common members of the scalp flora.
Tips for Hair Care
Maintaining your hair is relatively easy once you know how to care for it. Hair is made of protein, so keeping a healthy diet and practicing good hygiene are essential parts of maintaining luscious locks.
Wash hair sparingly with lukewarm water. Do not use hot water to wash hairs. Frequent hair wash often leads to dryness of hair. It may be due to leaching of its natural oils and may damage the hair follicles. As a result of this hair become brittle which leads to hair fall or breaking of the hair shaft. Shampoo the hair at most every other day or only twice a week.
Sulfates form more lather or foam during shampooing. Parabens are preservatives that cause eye irritation after frequent use. Choose a shampoo that suits your hair type. Don’t just go for any old shampoo; go for the shampoo that works for your hair type. Typical types include (but are not limited to).
- Curly or Afro-textured hair probably wants frizz-minimizing or softening shampoo that is creamy and has natural oils in it.
- Straight or oily hair probably wants a gentle shampoo designed for daily washing.
- Colored or treated hair probably needs a shampoo that’s fortified with extracts or amino acids, because treating your hair is essentially damaging it.
- Dry hair probably needs shampoos with glycerin and collagen to help restore some moisture into the hair.
3. Use Shampoo for Hair Care
The shampoo helps to remove dust from hair and clean the hair shaft. To use shampoo properly, wet your hair first. Then, apply a small amount of the product to the top of your head and scalp. Lather the shampoo and work it into your hair with your fingers. Try to avoid rubbing your hair harshly, as this could cause damage. Allow the shampoo in contact with hairs for 2 to 3 min. Rinse the hair with lukewarm water. Do not use hot water to clean the hairs as hot water removes the excess of oil from hair which maintains the flexibility of the hair. Avoid frequent use of shampoo. Shampoos contain detergent which removes the oils and dust from hair. Frequent use of shampoos also removes oil necessary for the nourishment of hairs.
4. Use hair conditioners
When applying conditioner, try to only apply it to the longest parts of your hair, rather than directly on to your scalp; if you put conditioner on your scalp, it can make your hair very greasy and weigh your hair down. Work the conditioner into your hair with your fingers, leave it on your hair for a few moments, and then rinse it out. You do not necessarily need to use conditioner every time you wash your hair, particularly if you are prone to oily hair, but it can help to protect your hair against split ends.
5. Let your hair air dry:
Do not use a hair dryer or blow dryer as the dryer removes all water and reduces the flexibility of hair as a result of it, the hair shaft gets a break into small pieces. Do not use a towel to dry hair. Instead one can use soft fabrics. When you rub your hair with a towel or wrap your hair up in a towel while it is still wet, the towel can actually rub against your hair and cause split ends and make it frizzy.
Some Natural Remedies for Hair Care
Use the entire egg to condition your hair. If you have dry or brittle hair, use egg whites to moisturize your hair. Use a ½ cup of any egg mixture (egg white, entire egg) and apply to clean damp hair. Leave it for 20 minutes and rinse with cool water. Try this one of the most effective beauty tips for hair and notice the change.
Bottle gourd treatment:
Extract some bottle gourd juice and apply it into your hair. Keep this solution for half an hour and wash it off thoroughly. This is one of the simple beauty tips for hair that would do wonders.
For that shiny soft hair:
Prepare a mixture of 1 cup of your daily conditioner and 2-3 tablespoons of honey. Apply this mixture evenly on your wet hair. Leave it for 30 minutes and wash it off thoroughly. This mixture will close down your hair’s cuticle and give your hair that amazing shine
Baking soda therapy:
One of the beauty tips for hair is Baking soda therapy. Make a mixture of 3 tbsp. of baking soda and some water. Rinse your hair with this solution after shampooing. Let it set in for at least 5 minutes before the final rinse. This therapy will help to remove the excess shampoo and styling product from your hair.
Use almond oil to treat dry and damaged hair. It is a very simple procedure, pour some almond oil in a bowl and heat it for 40 seconds. Then evenly distribute on your hair. Leave it for 30 minutes and then rinse normally with shampoo and conditioner using cold water.
After the final rinse, apply 1 tbsp lemon juice to your hair. Simply towel dry your hair and style as normal to get rid of dry hair.
The proper brushing technique
Avoid using a comb with plastic bristles to prevent hair breakage from static electricity. The best way to brush your hair is by first brushing the ends to remove tangles and then take the long strokes from the roots of the hair to the ends. This technique will help the proper spreading of natural hair oil and thus prevent breakage.
Moisturize your hair
Pour a little beer in your wet hair. Distribute evenly and massage your scalp with your fingers for 20 minutes. Then rinse it thoroughly to get rid of the beer smell. Do this procedure once a week for salon-smooth hair.
Drink lots of water and eat a healthy diet of raw fruits and vegetables. The most effective home treatment for hair care is a healthy diet. You are what you eat, and what you put into your body will be reflected on the outside
Foods and Herbs for Hair Growth
Bhringraj, known as ‘Kehraj‘ in Assamese and ‘Karisalankanni’ in Tamil, is a medicinal herb that grows in moist areas. This herb is especially used for treating various hair and skin woes. It soothes the scalp, which in turn gives nourishment to hair follicles. It also facilitates the growth of new hair follicles and thus helps revive the volume of hair.
While you can purchase bhringraj oil from stores, it can be made at home as well. People have been making bhringraj oil at home for centuries. The traditional process involves drying the leaves; grinding them into powdered form and then heating it with oil. A quicker way of making bhringraj oil at home is to heat powdered bhringraj leaves with coconut oil and then store. Apply it directly on the scalp, let the roots absorb it for about 30 minutes and then wash off. Bhringraj oil can be used for treating various hair and skin problems.
The fenugreek or methi dana is one treasure spice that may not have originated in India but has grown to be an essential part of our culinary fare and culture, as if it always belonged to us. It is no wonder then that Ayurveda recognized its potential thousand years back and continues to make most of its health and beauty benefits in its practice. Fenugreek seeds are rich in folic acid, Vitamin A, Vitamin K and Vitamin C. Apart from this, they are also a storehouse of minerals such as potassium, calcium, and iron.
Fenugreek seeds also have high protein and nicotinic acid content, which are known to be beneficial against hair fall and dandruff, and in treating a variety of scalp issues like dryness of hair, baldness and hair thinning. Including fenugreek in your diet is one of the best things that you can do for healthy hair growth. Fenugreek also controls diabetes mellitus and weight management.
Amla or Indian gooseberry has been an essential part of hair care rituals in India since time immemorial. Massaging the scalp with amla oil helps boost blood circulation. This supplies enough nourishment to your follicles, which then increases hair growth. It also looks after the overall scalp health by removing dandruff and dissolving grease and dirt from follicles. It helps restore optimum pH levels of the scalp that boosts essential oil production. One of the biggest reasons behind hair fall is inadequate Vitamin C in the diet.
Amla is packed with Vitamin C. The potent antioxidant help keeps the free-radical activity at bay, which can also severely impact the health of hair. You can prepare some amla oil at home too. Heat some coconut oil in a pan and add two teaspoons of amla powder. Heat the oil until it turns brown. After 2-3 minutes, turn off the heat and set the oil aside to cool. Collect the oil in a bowl. Apply it on your hair, while it is still slightly warm and massage well.
The active compounds in Triphala churna repairs damaged hair and increase hair volume. The active formula of its ingredients like Haritaki has antibacterial and antifungal power which acts on the scalp and keeps all kinds of infections and fungal activity at bay. Triphala powder has been known to reduce dandruff too. You can either apply Triphala powder mixed with coconut oil on your hair or make it a part of your diet. Your diet plays a huge role in the health of your hair. One of the reasons why your hair volume is not up to the mark could be your liver condition and poor digestion. Triphala takes care of both by cleansing the digestive system. One of the three ingredients of Triphala churna is Amla.